by Meghan Fitzgerald
Another critical set of skills, and skills that are closely aligned with problem solving, are the STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics) skills. These skills also correlate with prosperity in the workforce, and can lead to occupations that are not likely to be subsumed by automation.
As an educator, I saw how helpful these skills were first hand. The children in my classrooms who believed they were equipped, and had a starting place from which to solve new problems, tackled all kinds of new learning challenges with greater ease and, in turn, success. According to research shared by Adobe, 97% of educators and 96% of policymakers agree that problem solving skills are important in order for students to learn in school -- and the teacher in me also wholeheartedly agrees!
Life really never stops presenting problems to solve, and if you have the capacity to meet them and solve them, you can better adjust to a changing environment, navigate key relationships, and contribute to your family, local and broader communities. Our children will be inheriting a complicated and challenged world, and they’ll need to be capable scientific thinkers and problem solvers if they are going to thrive.
But first, what exactly are these skills?
We think about problem solving as the ability to do all of the following: identify problems to solve; invent solutions to that problem; and arrive at one or more solutions that work. It is also our belief that strong problem solvers exhibit all three of these components with a playful spirit and with joy.
How do kids learn problem solving?
Even though the workforce seems far off for our young ones, we know that problem solving and scientific thinking starts early, and that humans are designed for it. As Alison Gopnik describes in Scientist in the Crib, babies have an “infinite capacity for wonder” and a drive to experiment in order to learn about their world. Wonder if wee ones can experiment? Hang out next to a high chair, it’s highly likely you ’ll witness experiments with gravity.
Not only are children born predisposed to problem solve, this position statement includes that adults can play a key role in children’s problem solving development and scientific thinking. The kinds of experiences we offer our children and the way in which we allow them to own those learning experiences can help them turn their infinite capacity for wonder into strong and flexible problem solving skills. Hurrah! We can play a role!
Unfortunately, depending on our approach, we can also play a detrimental role. Children learn through experiencing and through the chances to try, fail and learn from all outcomes. If we control the experiences, or if we unwittingly project some of our own insecurities about STEM learning and problem solving, research shows that children not only miss the chance to gain experience, they also learn from us that they do not have what they need to tackle and solve problems.
So, how can we support problem solving skills?
Even though the stakes may seem high, the work is really about meeting children where they are—naturally inquisitive and driven to develop understanding—and helping them to solidify mindsets that will allow those native capacities to persist and strengthen.
In Tinkergarten, and in our family life, it has helped us to focus on developing the following four mindsets we hope our children develop:
Mindset 1: There are problems to solve everywhere.
Step one of problem solving is identifying problems, and there are problems waiting for us at every turn. Here are a few ways to find them:
Mindset #2: I have the capacity to solve any problem.
Much of this mindset is driven by how our actions support a child in believing that we believe they have the capacity to solve problems.
Mindset #3: I have experience that I can use to solve new problems.
Problem solving is learned through practice, so give kids as many chances to solve problems as you can. And, don’t forget to let your child see you solve real life problems, too. If you have to fix something around the house, or you need to rig something up so the squirrel feeder can be a bird feeder, involve your kids in your process so they can see how you go about problem solving.
Mindset #4: Problem solving is joyful.
This one is our favorite. No matter how STEM learning went for you in the past, openly and unabashedly enjoy problem solving together. Cheer when your solutions work, and cheer just as loud when they don’t—you’re learning either way. Have as much fun as you can. It’s really our chance to do problem solving all over again, and it’s powerful fun!